A review of “Disparities in the risk and outcomes of Covid-19” was finally released by Public Health England (PHE) on Tuesday after widespread criticism of its delay.. A further DWP report examining low income and childhood poverty found those of Bangladeshi and Pakistani, Chinese, and Black ethnicities were about twice as likely to be living on a low income and experiencing child poverty, compared with those of White ethnicity. The only large difference between the two sources occurs in the category "Other Ethnic Group". Ethnic breakdowns used in this publication, Table 2. People from minority ethnic groups in the UK have a higher risk of severe illness and death from COVID-19 than people who identify as White. Individuals from the Chinese and Mixed ethnic group have similar risks to those with White ethnicity. An analysis of the English Housing Survey data between 2014 to 2017 found marked ethnic group contrasts in their experience of living in overcrowded households; while only 2% of White British households experienced overcrowding, 30% of Bangladeshi households (the highest percentage), 16% of Pakistani households and 12% of Black households experienced this. The government-led inquiry found that black people were most likely to be diagnosed with Covid-19, during a pandemic that has claimed almost 40,000 lives in Britain since February, according to the latest official figures. When taking into account age in the analysis, Black males are 4.2 times more likely to die from a COVID-19-related death and Black females are 4.3 times more likely than White ethnicity males and females. While we adjust for some dimensions of health (self-reported health and having a limiting health problem or disability), the information was collected in 2011 and does not distinguish between different types of comorbidities that are a likely modifier of these differential risks observed. This chart compares the share of the total population and the share of Covid-19 deaths in England, by ethnicity. Which topics are covered by the "Chart of the Day"? Deaths 145,136 LONDON: The UK government on Thursday laid out a series of measures as part of a review into the higher COVID - 19 death rate among people of Indian-origin and other ethnic minorities, including a mandate for ethnicity to be recorded as part of the death certification process. More details on the data used can be found in Section 7 and in the Technical appendix. These characteristics have the potential to confound any association with ethnicity, and they are important to adjust for to enable us to quantify the excess risk specifically associated with ethnicity. Ethnicity has emerged as a key characteristic for understanding why certain people are at more risk of death during the COVID-19 pandemic. Table 1 shows the breakdown of ethnic groups used. The Statista "Chart of the Day", made available Given this ethnic group accounts for 3.5% of the total population in England, the share of deaths in Black individuals is 66% higher than this groups proportion of the total population. While the ethnic group 'Black' makes up 3.5 percent of England's population, as of 17 April it has been identified in 5.8 percent of Covid-19 deaths - 801 people in total. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve our services. under the Creative Commons License CC BY-ND 3.0, may be used “Other ethnic group” encompasses Asian other, Arab and Other Ethnic Group categories in the classification. Deaths were defined using the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10). COVID-19 were of Asian and black ethnicity compared with pre-COVID-19 historical data (2017–2019) for patients who required crit-ical care for viral pneumonia. The analysis includes deaths involving COVID-19 that occurred between 2 March and 10 April 2020, registered by 17 April. Risk of COVID-19 hospitalization and death by race/ethnicity . We are primarily using socio-demographic factors recorded at the 2011 Census to adjust risk, which is now dated. proper attribution to Statista. Statista offers daily infographics about trending topics, covering:Economy & Finance, Politics & Society, Tech & Media, Health & Environment, Consumer, Sports and many more. Differences in the risk of dying from COVID-19 across ethnic groups may be related to demographic and socio-economic factors as well as to a person's past health profile. Facebook: number of monthly active users worldwide 2008-2020, Smartphone market share worldwide by vendor 2009-2020, Number of apps available in leading app stores 2020, Coronavirus (COVID-19) death rate in the U.S. as of December 8, 2020, by race, Coronavirus death rate in Italy in 2020, by age group, Coronavirus (COVID-19) death rate in Italy in 2020, by gender, COVID-19 death rates worldwide as of January 4, 2021, by country, Coronavirus death rate in Italy in 2020, by gender and age group, COVID-19 case death rate trend in China 2020. In future releases, we will seek to reconcile how much change can be discerned at the population level from other sources. Analysis included those aged nine years and above. An analysis of the 2011 Census found that those with Bangladeshi and Pakistani and Black ethnicities were most likely to live in deprived neighbourhoods. Despite these differences in the data, the results are very similar. The study design does not directly measure emigrations since the 2011 Census, which is likely to be variable across ethnicities. Such a dataset reduces the risk of introducing numerator and denominator biases that can be problematic in analyses using unlinked data. on two sectors: "Media and Technology", updated Does Statista also create infographics in a customized design? We will repeat this analysis in the future as more data become available; this will include age-standardised mortality rates of deaths involving COVID-19 and, where possible, more detailed breakdowns. This has the potential to both introduce bias and underestimate mortality risk because denominators do not represent the true population at risk on 2 March 2020. Adjusting for these factors substantially reduces the odds of a death involving COVID-19 relative to those of White ethnicity for all ethnic groups. To account for this, age-specific adjustment factors have been applied to ethnic group populations who had not died before 2 March 2020, which are based on: observed emigration recorded on the Office for National Statistics (ONS) Longitudinal Study (LS), unobserved migration indicated through de-registration from the patient register, reconciliation with outflows estimated using the International Passenger Survey (IPS). Deaths involving COVID-19 include those with an underlying cause, or any mention, of ICD-10 codes U07.1 (COVID-19, virus identified) or U07.2 (COVID-19, virus not identified). Office for National Statistics (ONS) figures are based on death registrations up 17 April 2020 that occurred between 2 March and 10 April 2020 and that could be linked to the 2011 Census. 1 Data source: Data reported by state and territorial jurisdictions (accessed 11/27/2020). Because the probability of death from COVID-19 is very low, the odds ratios can be interpreted as risk ratios. For comparison, figures of hospital deaths involving COVID-19 by ethnicity (Excel, 131KB) published by NHS England, updated up to 21 April, not taking account of more recent updates are also shown. The cohort design links deaths to individuals with their characteristics measured at a point in time before the death event occurs; in this sense, it is a prospective study population and we can therefore infer the direction of causality. The number of confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, COVID-19 disease cases, and related deaths vary … To enable us to undertake this analysis, deaths involving COVID-19 have been linked to the 2011 Census, which allowed us to ascertain the self-reported ethnicity of the deceased and other demographic factors. This page documents and analyzes all racial and ethnic background data for COVID-19 deaths by state and the nation—especially to track the disproportionate mortality impacts of the coronavirus for Black, Latino, Indigenous and other Americans of … This will be reviewed on a regular basis once more up-to-date deaths data linked to the 2011 Census become available for analyses. Therefore, the fully adjusted results show differences in risk between ethnic groups that are specific to those ethnic groups and are not caused by any of the factors listed on which members of the groups might differ. While the ethnic group 'Black' makes up 3.5 percent of England's population, as of 17 April it has been identified in 5.8 percent of Covid-19 deaths - 801 people in total. Black males are 4.2 times more likely to die from COVID-19 than White males, while Black females are 4.3 times more likely to die from COVID-19 than White females. While the number of these is likely to be small, we plan to update these figures and extend the analysis period as records accrue. Hospitals are not currently required to record the ethnicity of any patients who are admitted, fall critically ill or die. The ONS found that, after accounting for age, people A recent review confirmed the risk of death from Covid-19 higher for ethnic minorities. For individual content and infographics in your Corporate Design, This trend can also be found on the state level. For more detail, see How ethnicity intersects with other dimensions of social disadvantage in the Technical appendix. The rate of linkage of deaths to a census based on the linkage keys used is high (90%) and thereby representative of the risk of death among the population being followed-up. Despite making up just 13 per cent of the UK population, a third of patients who fall critically ill with COVID-19 are from black, Asian or minority ethnic (BME) groups. A report published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation showed that the highest educational attainment at GCSE and degree levels was among those of Chinese and Indian ethnicity. Office for National Statistics (ONS) figures are based on death registrations up 17 April 2020 that occurred between 2 March and 10 April 2020 that could be linked to the 2011 Census. This means that a substantial part of the difference in COVID-19 mortality between ethnic groups is explained by the different circumstances in which members of those groups are known to live, such as areas with socio-economic deprivation. This provisional analysis has shown that the risk of death involving the coronavirus (COVID-19) among some ethnic groups is significantly higher than that of those of White ethnicity. and displayed without charge by all commercial and The study population is not currently refreshed with new births or immigrations. The statistical models are explained in the Technical appendix. Hide. Quick Analysis with our professional Research Service: Content Marketing & Information Design for your projects: Until this week the UK had published no information regarding the ethnicity of Covid-19 victims in the country. In the fully adjusted model (Panel B), Black males and females are 1.9 times more likely to die from COVID-19 than the White ethnic group. To ensure that a broad range of factors were taken into account, we also adjusted for region, rural and urban classification, area deprivation, household composition, socio-economic position, highest qualification held, household tenure, and health or disability in the 2011 Census (Panel B). All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated, /peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/articles/coronavirusrelateddeathsbyethnicgroupenglandandwales/2march2020to10april2020, Table 1. This represents a large dataset with which to examine mortality variations by ethnicity during a short time frame, benefiting from assignment of ethnicity at a census and then following individuals for death events occurring during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. Ratios and odds ratios to identify differential risks of COVID-19-related death across ethnic groups may be over-represented in public-facing and... 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